Western Civilization Quiz: Aegean

1. The rest of Greece admired Sparta for itsA. artistic creativity.B. contributions to philosophy.C. military might.D. All these answers are correct.2. Greeks of the Archaic Age were NOT bound together by aA. common language.B. unified state.C. shared tradition of heroic stories and folk tales.D. standard set of myths and religious practices.3. Solon wasA. the leader of the Spartans in the Persian Wars.B. an Athenian admiral during the Persian Wars.C. an aristocrat who reformed the Athenian economy and social orders.D. one of the early Greek playwrights.4. The impact of Greece’s first philosophers resulted from the fact thatA. they described the physical world as the result of natural causes and effects.B. they questioned the role, power, and existence of the Greek deities.C. they established a body of knowledge that came to be identified as natural philosophy.D. All these answers are correct.5. The cultural institution that grew out of the worship of Dionysus was theA. library.B. academy.C. church.D. theater.6. Minoan art reveals which Cretan religious practice?A. worship of a god of thunderB. human sacrificesC. worship of a mother goddessD. belief in a deity who resides within each human subject7. In the Archaic style, how did a statue of a korē differ from a statue of a kouros?A. A korē was given an archaic smile.B. A korē was portrayed clothed.C. A korē was portrayed with stylized hair.D. All these answers are correct.

8. One Egyptian influence on Archaic Greek sculpture wasA. open body stance and balance.B. shifting of bodily weight onto one leg.C. left-foot-forward movement.D. emotions recorded on faces.9. Named for King Minos, the Minoan civilizationA. had a simple class structure consisting of nobles and peasants.B. was based on a stable mercantile economy.C. was a society based on a military hierarchy.D. had high walls protecting its great palaces.10. Minoan civilization eventually fell to theA. Egyptians.B. Etruscans.C. Mycenaeans.D. Dorians.11. Sappho’s lyric poetry mainly addressed the subject ofA. victorious athletes.B. passionate love in all of its aspects.C. political and social problems.D. nature.12. Pythagoras was author of which scientific theory?A. the notion that the basic stuff of nature is waterB. the concept of atomismC. the view of the four elements: earth, air, fire, and waterD. the belief that everything is based on numbers13. An oligarchy isA. government by the few.B. similar to a democracy.C. rule by a king.D. None of these answers is correct.14. Mycenaean civilization transmitted which legacy to Archaic Greece?A. fortress-palacesB. ashlar-style constructionC. legends and myths of gods and heroesD. imaginative literature15. Which of these features are common to the Doric temple style?A. columns with undecorated capitalsB. metopesC. triglyphsD. All these answers are correct.16. The significance of the Persian Wars was that theyA. meant the triumph of the East over the West.B. ended the Golden Age of Greece.C. allowed Greek democratic institutions and humanistic values to continue to develop.D. led Greece to experience a century of peace.17. Mycenaean civilization was centeredA. on the Peloponnesus.B. in northern Greece.C. on the Greek islands.D. on Crete.18. What change occurred in Archaic sculpture at the end of the period?A. Faces became more emotional.B. Realistic tension was now depicted in the body.C. Frontality was introduced.D. All these answers are correct.19. Homer’s writings drew on legends ofA. Egyptian civilization.B. Minoan civilization.C. Mycenaean civilization.D. Etruscan civilization.20. Greek religion taught the faithful to avoid the sin of hubris, orA. greed.B. extreme pride.C. sexual immorality.D. murder.21. What aspect of love does Sappho describe in the poem “He Seems to Be a God”?A. ecstasyB. contentmentC. hatredD. jealousy22. The style of Greek pottery decorations which immediately followed the Orientalizing period is calledA. the yellow and black figure style.B. the red-figure style.C. the multi-colored style.D. the black-figure style.23. The Greeks thought that human creativity came fromA. the Olympian deities.B. Dionysus and his followers.C. the oracle at Delphi.D. nine goddesses called Muses.24. The philosopher HeraclitusA. was a materialist like Thales.B. followed idealism like Pythagoras.C. established the first dialectical form of reasoning.D. found truth in a stable universe.25. Unlike the Egyptian style, the Archaic style was characterized byA. a slight smile on the face.B. female and male nudes.C. distortion of the musculature.D. the free movement of the body.26. A major political change occurred, in the early Archaic Age, thatA. shifted power from the land owners to the peasants.B. made the kings more powerful than ever.C. put power into the hands of the noble families.D. allowed the slaves to serve in the government.

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